By Hiroaki Misawa, Saulius Juodkazis
An intensive creation to 3D laser microfabrication know-how, best readers from the basics and conception to its numerous powerful functions, similar to the iteration of tiny items or three-d constructions in the bulk of obvious fabrics. The booklet additionally provides new theoretical fabric on dielectric breakdown, permitting a greater knowing of the diversities among optical harm on surfaces and contained in the bulk, in addition to a glance into the longer term. Chemists, physicists, fabrics scientists and engineers will locate this a priceless resource of interdisciplinary wisdom within the box of laser optics and nanotechnology.
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Additional resources for 3D laser microfabrication : principles and applications
The formation of this void can be understood from simple reasoning. The strong spherical shock wave starts to propagate outside the center of symmetry at radius rshock. The pressure behind the shock decreases as r–3. Therefore, the shock remains strong and compresses material only over a short distance Dr, (r > Dr) to an average compression ratio of d = q/q0. 2 the void radius is comparable to that for shock formation. In fact, many other processes after the end of the pulse, during cooling and phase transformation can also affect the final size of the void.
Thus, the energy conservation and isentropic expansion allows the semi-quantitative description of experiments. 6 Conclusions In this chapter we have attempted to review the physics of the laser interaction inside a transparent solid on the basis of experimental and theoretical studies that have been reported over the past decade. The main focus has been on interactions at high intensity when the material undergoes optical breakdown and is swiftly converted into the plasma state early in the pulse.
15 W. H. W. Webb, Two-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy, Science, 248, 73 (1990). H. W. Webb, Threedimensional optical data storage in refractive media by two-photon point excitation, Optics Letters, 16, 1780 (1991). 17 M. Miwa, S. Juodkazis, T. Kawakami, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa, Femtosecond twophoton stereo lithography, Appl. Phys. A, 73, 561–566, (2001). 18 Y. Kawata, H. Ueki, Y. Hashimoto, and S. Kawata, Three-dimensional optical memory with a photo-refractive crystal, Appl. , 34, 4105–4110, (1995).
3D laser microfabrication : principles and applications by Hiroaki Misawa, Saulius Juodkazis