Download e-book for kindle: A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China by International Development Research Centre

By International Development Research Centre

ISBN-10: 0889368155

ISBN-13: 9780889368156

Ebook by means of overseas improvement learn Centre

Show description

Read Online or Download A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China PDF

Similar development & growth books

Get Multinationals and Emerging Economies: The Quest for PDF

The worldwide economic climate is altering quickly and multinational organizations (MNCs) are on the vanguard of this variation. The ebook offers novel and profound analyses of ways MNCs and rising economies are similar, and the way this dating impacts the dynamics of the worldwide financial system. specifically, the authors care for the nexus among multinationals, rising economies and innovation from a number of diverse views.

Read e-book online The Long Process of Development: Building Markets and States PDF

Douglass North as soon as emphasised that improvement takes centuries, yet he didn't have a concept of ways and why swap happens. This groundbreaking ebook advances this kind of conception by means of reading intimately why England and Spain built so slowly from a thousand to 1800. A colonial legacy needs to return centuries ahead of cost, and this booklet issues to key occasions in England and Spain within the 1260s to provide an explanation for why Mexico lagged at the back of the USA economically within the 20th century.

Download e-book for kindle: Economic Reform and Political Change in Eastern Europe: A by Judy Batt

Monetary reform - the advent of components of the marketplace right into a deliberate economic system - has been the crucial political challenge for socialist states for a minimum of 3 a long time. This e-book seeks to clarify the character of the matter via a reconsideration of the overall theoretical concerns, and during a comparative research of the perform of monetary reform in international locations - Czechoslovakia and Hungary.

Extra resources for A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China

Example text

Meanwhile, outside China, the world‘s S&T had developed rapidly during the years when the Cultural Revolution‘s radical politics occupied China‘s national attention. The market economies of the capitalist world, including those of China‘s Asian neighbours, were increasingly basing their further growth and development on productivity gains brought about by technological and managerial innovations (―intensive growth‖) while China and others with centrally planned economies continued to rely on the mobilization of new sources of labour and capital inputs to expand economic activity (―extensive growth‖).

Human-resource issues It would be impossible for an international mission to ignore the enormous problem bequeathed to Chinese science by the Cultural Revolution. For almost 10 years, between 1966 and 1976, not only was scientific research, especially agricultural research, in disarray, but also scientific education in schools and universities was severely disrupted. There must be few scientists over the age of 40 whose training and research were unaffected. We were impressed with the extent to which this legacy is recognized in China today and by the steps that are being taken to remedy it.

Functions of an NSI. General functions Specific functions Core functions of government Policy formulation – Monitoring, review, and formulation of policies and, in some countries, plans concerning national S&T activities and resource allocation – Linkage to other policy domains (such as the economy, trade, education, health, environment, and defence) – Allocation of resources to S&T from overall budgets and first-order allocation among activities – Creation of incentive schemes to stimulate innovation and other technical activities – Provision of a capacity for implementing policies and coordinating appropriate activities – Provision of a capacity for forecasting and assessing the likely directions of technical change Regulatory – Creation of a national system for metrology, standardization, and calibration – Creation of a national system for the identification and protection of intellectual property – Creation of national systems for the protection of safety, health, and the environment Implementation functions Financing – Management of financing systems appropriate to the implementation of the other functions of the system – Use of government‘s purchasing power as a stimulus to innovation in the production of the goods and services it requires Performance – Execution of scientific or technological programs, HRD and capacity building Infrastructure including research of all kinds and technological development – Provision of scientific services – Provision of mechanisms to link R&D outputs to practical use – Provision of linkages to regional and international S&T activities – Provision of mechanisms for evaluating, acquiring, and diffusing best-practice technologies – Creation of innovative goods, processes, and services embodying the results of S&T activities – Provision of programs and facilities for the education and training of S&T personnel – Creation of institutional capacity in S&T – Provision of mechanisms to maintain the vitality of the national S&T community – Stimulation of public interest in and support of national initiatives in S&T – EOM of information services (including libraries, databases, statistical services, a system of indicators, and communications systems) – EOM of technical services (such as metrology, standardization, and calibration) – EOM of a system of awarding, recording, and protecting intellectual property – EOM of mechanisms to ensure the protection of safety, health, and the environment – EOM of major national facilities for research Note: These functions — both policy-related and implementation-related — are carried out by different stakeholders in any country‘s national system of innovation, with the particular combination being unique to that country.

Download PDF sample

A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China by International Development Research Centre

by Michael

Rated 4.20 of 5 – based on 33 votes