After Thought: The Computer Challenge To Human Intelligence - download pdf or read online

By James Bailey

ISBN-10: 0465007813

ISBN-13: 9780465007813

ISBN-10: 0465007821

ISBN-13: 9780465007820

Through the 1st fifty years of the pc revolution, scientists were attempting to software digital circuits to technique info an identical manner people do. Doing so has reassured us all that underlying each new computing device strength, irrespective of how miraculously quickly or complicated, are human notion techniques and common sense. yet state of the art laptop scientists are coming to determine that digital circuits quite are alien, that the adaptation among the human brain and laptop strength isn't really in simple terms one in all measure (how fast), yet of kind(how). the writer means that desktops “think” top whilst their “thoughts” are allowed to emerge from the interaction of hundreds of thousands of tiny operations all interacting with one another in parallel. Why then, if desktops carry to the desk such very assorted strengths and weaknesses, are we nonetheless attempting to software them to imagine like people? a piece that levels greatly over the heritage of principles from Galileo to Newton to Darwin but is simply as cozy within the state-of-the-art global of parallel processing that's at this very second yielding a brand new type of intelligence, After idea describes why the true laptop age is simply beginning.

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This Renaissance-era view of the world is still wired into modern multiuser electronic computers at the hardware level. Such computers have two memory-address spaces. One is for program instructions (sometimes called I-space) and is shared by many users because, of course, instructions never change. The other (D-space) is for data, which is allowed to be different for each user. The success of Newton's Principia Mathematica focused scientists on behaviors that could be successfully predicted within the constraints of fixed formulations.

The vocabulary 0/ the mathematical/iction inexorably becomes the vocabulary with which we describe the reality. This is the reason that a change from sequential equations to parallel matings and breedings is so seminal. It affects all of us, not just scientists. It will literally change heaven and earth because it will change the way we conceive of them. It was, for example, precisely this kind of intellectual-computational transition that brought Galileo into conflict with the Renaissance Church.

Today, this book is best known as the one in which Fermat wrote the marginal reference to his Last Theorem. It was, however, also the vehicle by which the ideas of "algebra," including the concept of an "unknown," entered Christian Europe. As is clear from the purely geometric work of Copernicus half a century later, the impact of the new algebraic technology was not immediate. It was integrated in halting and tentative steps. For example, at the time Regiomontanus was absorbing Diophantus, he was preparing his own treatise on triangles.

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After Thought: The Computer Challenge To Human Intelligence by James Bailey


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