By Michael N Cardwell, Margaret R Grossman, Christopher Rodgers
The realm exchange association (WTO) contract on Agriculture has had a primary influence on agricultural coverage all over the world. the hot WTO agreements will disguise agriculture,sanitary and phytosanitary measures, technical limitations to alternate and alternate in highbrow estate rights. This ebook addresses the interface among the legislation of foreign agricultural exchange, the rising criminal and fiscal order for agricultural alternate below the auspices of the WTO, and its impression on agricultural coverage reform either within the eu Union and the united states. With contributions from major professionals within the acceptable components.
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Additional info for Agriculture and international trade: law, policy, and the WTO
To facilitate market access, the URAA prohibits non-tariff barriers to trade in agricultural products (URAA, Arts. 4, 5 and Annex 5). The URAA requires conversion of non-tariff barriers into tariffs through a process called tariffication. , p. 3). Further, to ensure minimum market access, the URAA authorized a system of TRQs, or two-tiered tariffs. Under the TRQ system, countries must accept a minimum quantity of imports – by 2000, at least 5% of base-period domestic consumption – at the lower tariff.
The URAA prescribed that renewed agricultural negotiations were to begin in 2000, and those negotiations are now under way. Because WTO Members have differing national objectives and agricultural policies, the process will require cooperation and compromise. Negotiations, now guided by the Doha Declaration (WTO, 2001a), focus on three central issues (market access, export subsidies and domestic support) and many related questions. Domestic support for agriculture has played a key role in the negotiations so far and will continue to be an important focus.
COM(2003) 23. CEC (2003b) Proposal for a Council Regulation Establishing Common Rules for Direct Support Schemes under the Common Agricultural Policy and Establishing Support Schemes for Producers of Certain Crops. 2003/0006 (CNS). D. and Tangermann, S. (1999) The 1992 CAP Reform, the Uruguay Round and the Commission: conceptualizing linked policy games. Journal of Common Market Studies 37, 385–405. European Community (2001) ‘New WTO Round slap in the face for isolationism’, says EU Farm Commissioner Fischler.
Agriculture and international trade: law, policy, and the WTO by Michael N Cardwell, Margaret R Grossman, Christopher Rodgers