By Haig, Geoffrey L.J.
The Iranian languages, as a result of their unparalleled time-depth of attestation, represent one of many only a few situations the place a shift from accusative alignment to split-ergativity is absolutely documented. but remarkably, inside historic syntax, the Iranian case has got basically very superficial assurance. This ebook offers the 1st in-depth therapy of alignment switch in Iranian, from outdated Persian (5 C. BC) to the current. the 1st a part of the publication examines the declare that ergativity in heart Iranian emerged from an outdated Iranian agented passive development. This view is rejected in favour of a thought which hyperlinks the emergence of ergativity to exterior ownership. therefore the first mechanisms concerned isn't reanalysis, however the extension of a pre-existing development. The idea of Non-Canonical Subjecthood performs a pivotal position, which within the current account is associated with the semantics of what's termed oblique Participation.? within the moment a part of the e-book, a comparative examine modern West Iranian is undertaken. it may be proven that through the next advancements within the morphosyntax, designated parts similar to contract, nominal case marking, or the grammar of cliticisation, in truth built remarkably independently of each other. It used to be this de-coupling of sub-systems of the morphosyntax that ended in the infamous multiplicity of alignment forms in Iranian, a proven fact that additionally characterises past-tense alignments within the sister department of Indo-European, Indo-Aryan. besides info from greater than 20 Iranian languages, awarded in a fashion that renders them obtainable to the non-specialist, there's wide dialogue of extra common subject matters resembling the adequacy of sensible debts of adjustments in case platforms, discourse strain and the position of animacy, the inspiration of float, and the query of alignment in early Indo-European.
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Extra info for Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction Grammar Approach
3 The status of the Agent-phrase In this section, I will investigate the third parameter, the syntactic status of the Agent-phrase (in what follows I will sometimes abbreviate Agent-phrase to ‘A’, which should not be taken as a commitment to the core-argument status of the phrase). If the A can be shown to be a peripheral element, to which no syntactic rules make reference, then we would have strengthened the case for treating the m. k. construction as a passive. If, on the other hand, it can be demonstrated that the Agent-phrase possesses at least some properties of a core argument, then the passive interpretation is weakened.
The possible development at Stage 5, the acquisition of morphological object properties by the O, is represented by Persian (cf. ex. (1) in Chapter 1). The scheme outlined above is conceptually elegant, and is congruent with a view of syntactic change as a gradual process involving small but incremental steps. Although not all scholars adopt the ‘transfer-of-subject-properties’ terminology, essentially the same processes are assumed by all scholars who accept the origin of ergativity to be an agented passive.
A Wackernagel position). Examples of Genitive clitics are found in (19), repeated here for convenience, and (31), while examples of Accusative clitic pronouns are provided in (32) and (33). (19) 11 avaT¯a=š¯am hamaranam kartam do:PTCPL thus=3 PL:GEN battle ‘thus by them battle was done’ Table 2 does not include the Ablative clitic pronouns because unlike the Genitive and Accusative pronouns, the Ablative pronoun clitics are not special clitics (in the sense of Zwicky 1977): they cliticize directly to their adjacent governing constituent, generally a preposition, rather than moving to a special position in the phrase.
Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction Grammar Approach by Haig, Geoffrey L.J.