Liba Taub's Ancient Meteorology PDF

By Liba Taub

ISBN-10: 0415161967

ISBN-13: 9780415161961

В книге рассматриваются греческий и римский подходы и отношение к этой широкой дисциплине, которая в классический период включала не только "погоду", но и явления типа землетрясений или комет, которые сегодня были бы расценены как геологический, астрономический или сейсмологический фактор.
Учитывая господство сельского хозяйства в древнем обществе, не удивительно, что так много было написано о предсказаниях и объяснениях погоды, и о том, как противостоять против капризов и жестокости погоды и как добиться её расположения. Но изучение метеорологии в древности было не только практическим вопросом. Поэты, философы и врачи были также интересовались метеорологией, излагая важные вопросы о природе мира, или, иными словами, о единстве космических явлений, а также об отношениях между метеорологией и божественным.
Автор анализирует различные древние тексты, в которых встречаются метеорологические или научные идеи: от эпоса Гомера и дидактической поэзии Гесиода, Арата и Лукреция – до работ, типа «Метеорологии» Аристотеля и трактатов Гиппократа и Сенеки.Образцы сканов:

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56 Here, for the most part, only celestial signs will be considered. The work opens with this statement: ‘We wrote down the signs of rain, winds, storms, and fair weather as follows to the extent that we were able, some of which we ourselves observed, others we took from others, men of no small repute. ’57 The author/compiler of On Weather Signs was directing his readers to experts and their technical works for information on weather signs associated with stellar risings and settings, just the sort of information which was contained in the parape¯gmata.

48 Yet the tradition-bound format of the parape¯gmata presented potential difficulties for their use as predictive tools; these difficulties will be discussed below. In addition, the form of the parape¯gmata raises questions. What was the status of the authorities? Why were they cited? Before we return to these questions, some other related texts should be considered. There are other works that appear to relate to the parape¯gma tradition. In attempting to reconstruct a history of this tradition, some later sources are helpful, but often these provide only partial information.

The whole Bird sets acronychally. ) The two stone parape¯gmata found at Miletus are somewhat different from each other. 2 Stone parape¯gma fragment found at Miletus, published in Diels and Rehm (1904) as 456A and dated to the early first century BCE. Source: Staatliche Museen zu Berlin-Preußischer Kulturbesitz Antikensammlung. than the other, which is undated) may have simply listed astronomical events with almost no associated weather phenomena; only the west winds are mentioned. 29) To judge from the surviving fragments, the other parape¯gma appears to have provided a more extensive correlation of weather to celestial phenomena.

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Ancient Meteorology by Liba Taub

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