Get Annual Plant Reviews, Biology of the Plant Cuticle PDF

By Markus Riederer, Caroline Muller

ISBN-10: 140513268X

ISBN-13: 9781405132688

Annual Plant stories, quantity 23 a far clearer photo is now rising of the superb constitution of the plant cuticle and its floor, the composition of cuticular waxes and the biosynthetic pathways resulting in them. reviews assessing the impression of UV radiation on vegetation have emphasised the function of the cuticle and underlying skin as optical filters for sunlight radiation. the sector considering the diffusive delivery of lipophilic natural non-electrolytes around the plant cuticle has reached a kingdom of adulthood. a brand new paradigm has lately been proposed for the diffusion of polar compounds and water around the cuticle. within the context of plant ecophysiology, cuticular transpiration can now be put within the point of view of whole-leaf water family. New and unforeseen roles were assigned to the cuticle in plant improvement and pollen-stigma interactions. ultimately, a lot growth has been made in knowing the cuticle as a selected and striking substrate for the interactions of the plant with microorganisms, fungi and bugs. This quantity information the foremost advancements of modern years during this very important interdisciplinary sector. it really is directed at researchers and execs in plant biochemistry, plant body structure, plant ecology, phytopathology and environmental microbiology, in either the tutorial and business sectors.

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Additional resources for Annual Plant Reviews, Biology of the Plant Cuticle

Example text

A) Isolated cuticular membrane (CM) of Iris germanica, showing a thick lamellate cuticle proper (CP), and a coarsely reticulate cuticular layer (CL). Reticulations are mostly radial with horizontal crosslinks between. (b–e) Cuticles of Agave americana leaves. (b) A CM fixed in Ga/Os/Ruthenium red without section stain shows enhancement of the density of electron-dense lamellae in the CP. THE FINE STRUCTURE OF THE PLANT CUTICLE 21 and the hydrophobic ‘internal cuticle’. However, the presence of a CM on the surfaces of cells with a gas exchange function would be paradoxical.

2b–e). 3 A sequence of stages in development of the cuticular membrane (CM) in the bladder primordium of Utricularia laterifolia (Droseraceae). (a) A uniformly electron-dense procuticle (arrow). (b) Transitional stage between procuticle and cuticle proper, showing globular, electron-dense material in a translucent matrix (arrow). ) are electron-dense. (c) The procuticle has transformed into a lamellate cuticle proper (CP) (arrows), with an underlying electron-dense globular layer. (d) A reticulate cuticular layer (CL) is being constructed beneath the CP, which has more lamellae and is of greater thickness.

Orgell (1954, 1955) reported the isolation of the cuticles of Convolvulus arvensis, Vinca major and Philodendron sp. with pectic enzymes. The pectin-rich layer beneath the cuticle of pear (Norris and Bukovac, 1968) and Citrus leaves (Baker and Procopiou, 1975) can be removed using pectinase, thus liberating the CM. 2 (a–e) Stages in cuticular membrane (CM) development in Norway spruce (Picea abies). (a) A thin (approximately 24 nm) apparently amorphous cuticle proper (CP) is formed outside the 240-nm thick PCW.

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Annual Plant Reviews, Biology of the Plant Cuticle by Markus Riederer, Caroline Muller


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